The U.S. has more than 6 million cases as President Trump retweets fringe theories on the virus.
It was a day of numbers.
Americans began their Sunday with the news that the staggering pandemic death toll, seemingly beyond dispute, was being questioned by their own president, and ended it as the country reached more than six million confirmed infections.
Almost 183,000 people have died in the United States from the virus — some analyses put the true toll well past 200,000 — but President Trump lent his embrace to fringe groups peddling claims that the number is grossly exaggerated.
On Twitter, Mr. Trump reposted messages from conspiracy theorists. They reject the data of his own administration — and they attack the very people he has put in charge of trying to stop the pandemic, among them Dr. Anthony S. Fauci and Dr. Deborah L. Birx.
The real death toll, these groups claim, is closer to 9,000, because many of those who died had underlying health issues and most were elderly.
“So get this straight — based on the recommendation of doctors Fauci and Birx the US shut down the entire economy based on 9,000 American deaths to the China coronavirus,” said the summary of a story by the hard-line conservative website Gateway Pundit that Mr. Trump retweeted.
It was part of a presidential tweet storm, though at least one of the posts was short-lived. “This Tweet is no longer available because it violated the Twitter Rules,” the social media company said after deleting one of them.
Days after his Justice Department targeted four Democratic governors over their handling of the pandemic, Mr. Trump also retweeted a message calling for New York’s governor, Andrew M. Cuomo, to be imprisoned because of the high death toll from the virus in nursing homes in the state. “#KillerCuomo should be in jail,” the message said.
Mr. Cuomo responded on his own Twitter feed a few hours later, pointing to the Trump administration’s failure to contain the pandemic. “The White House has learned nothing from COVID,” Mr. Cuomo wrote. “National threats require national leadership. It’s been 6 months without a national strategy on testing or mask mandate. Only the federal government has the power to go to war with COVID. They are failing and the nation suffers.”
As of Monday morning, more than 6,008,100 people in the United States had been infected with the coronavirus, and at least 182,900 had died, according to a New York Times database. The country’s last million cases emerged in just 22 days, compared with more than three months for the first million cases this spring. However, there are signs that infections are slowing.
India is breaking its own global records for daily infections, and now it has edged ahead of Mexico in a race no country wants to win: the number of deaths caused by the coronavirus.
India, a nation of 1.3 billion people, has the world’s third-highest death toll at 64,469, according to a New York Times database, behind only the United States and Brazil. (Mexico is just over 300 behind at 64,158.) And with India’s new infections exceeding 75,000 for the past five days, the virus doesn’t seem to be loosening its grip.
The steep rise in cases, which officials say is partly explained by an increase in testing, comes as India continues to ease restrictions following one of the world’s most severe lockdowns this spring. Decisions on reopening are being driven in part by economic concerns, with the government expected to announce what may be a historic contraction later on Monday.
In New Delhi, the capital, the subway will start reopening on Sept. 7, officials said Saturday.
“This is good news,” said Anuradha Raman, a college student in New Delhi. “But people are also scared, because we don’t follow social distance guidelines here.”
Arvind Kejriwal, New Delhi’s chief minister, said he was glad the subway, which is used by 2.6 million commuters a day, was resuming service. But the capital also recorded more than 2,000 new cases on Sunday, its largest daily tally in 51 days.
It was not clear whether subways in other cities would also resume service.
While sports events and religious festivals have been allowed with restrictions on attendance, the country’s schools will remain closed until the end of September. The suspension of scheduled international flights has also been extended until then, the Indian civil aviation authorities said on Monday.
Other coronavirus developments around the world:
Global confirmed cases have surpassed 25 million according to a Times database, and at least 845,000 people have died. The 10 countries reporting the highest per capita infections in the last week are largely clustered in the Caribbean (Aruba, Turks and Caicos, Sint Maarten) and in Central and South America (Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Panama). The Maldives, Bahrain and Israel are also in that category.
New Zealand reported nine new cases on Monday, including four imported cases and five community cases linked to a cluster in Auckland, New Zealand’s largest city, which came out of lockdown late Sunday after more than two weeks. Monday is also the first day when it is mandatory to wear masks on public transportation nationwide.
Australia reported its highest daily death toll on Monday, most of them deaths from the past month that had not been recorded earlier. Of the 41 deaths — all of them in the state of Victoria, the center of Australia’s worst outbreak — eight were in the previous 24 hours, officials said. The rest occurred in nursing homes as early as late July but are being counted now because of a change in the way they are required to report coronavirus deaths.
As some schools begin in-person classes, data compiled by the American Academy of Pediatrics from the summer show that cases, hospitalizations and deaths from the coronavirus have increased at a faster rate in children and teenagers than among the general public.
The data, which spans from May 21 to Aug. 20, varies from state to state, possibly obscuring differences in how the virus affects infants, young children and adolescents.
For example, many states group infants and teenagers into the same category. One state even includes people up to age 24. But the rise remains similar across states.
Young children seem to catch and transmit the virus less than adults, and children of all ages tend not to experience severe complications from it. But Dr. Sean O’Leary, vice chairman of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ committee on infectious diseases, said that substantial community spread in many parts of the United States corresponded with more infections among children.
The rise in reported cases comes in part from more widespread testing, but Dr. O’Leary said there was evidence that minors were becoming infected at a higher rate now than earlier in the year because hospitalizations and deaths among children had increased as well.
Much is still unknown about how the virus affects young people, but Black and Latino children who contract the virus are more likely to be hospitalized, as is true with adults.
“Anyone who has been on the front lines of this pandemic in a children’s hospital can tell you we’ve taken care of lots of kids that are very sick,” Dr. O’Leary said. “Yes, it’s less severe in children than adults, but it’s not completely benign.”
Since the beginning of the summer, every state in the country has had an increase in the number of young people who have tested positive for the virus, as a share of all cases. In late May, about 5 percent of the nation’s cases were documented in minors. By Aug. 20, that number had risen to more than 9 percent.
Lady Gaga took face masks to a new level on Sunday at the MTV Video Music Awards — sporting masks with horns and sequins, among other ornaments. At a time when the world is being encouraged to mask up to keep everyone safe, she performed and accepted awards with a mask firmly in place.
Lady Gaga won five awards, including artist of the year and song of the year for “Rain on Me,” a collaboration with Ariana Grande.
The show was broadcast from various locations around New York City and was hosted by Keke Palmer, a singer and actress who had a role in the 2019 film “Hustlers,” starring Jennifer Lopez and Constance Wu.
Reporting was contributed by Peter Baker, John Branch, Christopher Clarey, John Eligon, Reid J. Epstein, J. David Goodman, Dan Levin, Eric Nagourney and Marc Tracy.